Random Number, string, password In C#

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Posted On: 17-Dec-2017 04:31 

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Brian
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Introduction

The Random class of .NET class library provides functionality to generate random numbers in C#.
The Random class constructors have two overloaded forms. It takes either no value or it takes a seed value.

Details


The Random class has three public methods - Next, NextBytes, and NextDouble. The Next method returns a random number, NextBytes returns an array of bytes filled with random numbers, and NextDouble returns a random number between 0.0 and 1.0.

The following code returns a random number.

int randomNum = random.Next();


The following code returns a random number less than 1000.

int randomNum = random.Next(1000);

Example

The following code returns a random number between the min and the max range.

// Generate a random number between two numbers 
public int RandomNumber(int min, int max)
{
  Random random = new Random();
  return random.Next(min, max);
}

You can even combine the two methods - RandomNumber and RandomString to generate a combination of random string and numbers.

// Generate a random string with a given size 
public string RandomString(int size, bool lowerCase)
{
  StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
  Random random = new Random();
  char ch;
  for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
  {
    ch = Convert.ToChar(Convert.ToInt32(Math.Floor(26 * random.NextDouble() + 65)));
    builder.Append(ch);
  }
  if (lowerCase)
    return builder.ToString().ToLower();
  return builder.ToString();
}


The following code generates a password of length 10 with first 4 letters lowercase, next 4 letters numbers, and last 2 letters as uppercase.

// Generate a random password 
public string RandomPassword()
{
  StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
  builder.Append(RandomString(4, true));
  builder.Append(RandomNumber(1000, 9999));
  builder.Append(RandomString(2, false));
  return builder.ToString();
}
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